What is Heart Valve Disease

The majority of those who suffer from heart valve disease are born with it. It is mostly a congenital condition for people born with a narrow heart valve, leaky valves, valve flaps that are the wrong size or are to stiff. Many people are diagnosed with valvular heart disease when they are born. During their many baby well checks their pediatrician hears the tell-tell murmur that denotes a problem with the heart. For others they may not become aware of their condition until later during their life. There are also people who may never know they have this disease until it is to late when the only symptom is a sudden fatal heart attack.

While there are many people who are born with heart valve disease there are those who get this form of cardiovascular disease from some other disease or condition such as infective endocarditis, rheumatic heart disease, or even a heart attack. Children who are more susceptible to strep throat run a higher risk of rheumatic fever which can cause rheumatic heart disease and damage to the heart valves as they become adults.

Bacterial infections and endocarditis of the heart can also cause valve damage. These infections can be a result of medical procedures such as a surgery or dental work where bacteria are able to enter the body. The hearts valve leaflets are scarred by such an infection which can lead to heart valve regurgitation, which is a backflow of blood back through the valve.

Heart valve disease can be identified and diagnosed with the following tests:

1. Echocardiogram – This test is used routinely to diagnose valvular disease. Thickened valve leaflets, vegetations or growths on valve leaflets, myocardial function, and chamber size can be determined, and pressure gradients across valves and pulmonary artery pressures can be estimated. Either transthoracic or transesophageal echocardiography may be used.

2. Chest X-ray – This can identify cardiac hypertrophy, chamber and great vessel enlargement, and dilation of the pulmonary vasculature. Calcification of the valve leaflets and annular openings may also be visible.

3. Electrocardiography – Can demonstrate atrial and ventricular hypertrophy, conduction defects, and dysrhythmias associated with valvular disease.

4. Cardiac catheterization – Is used to assess contractility and to determine the pressure gradients across the heart valves, in the heart chambers, and in the pulmonary system.

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Meditation And Meditation Music

First, I’m seriously wired by nature and am not someone who can stop thinking. I have learned to meditate very effectively once I learned some facts about real meditation.

Problem one is thinking that you can’t meditate, or it’s not real meditation if you have thoughts going through your head. You do NOT have to stop thinking, or empty your mind of thoughts…that will happen ON ITS OWN if you meditate correctly.

If you’re closed-minded, your ability to reach deep states of meditation, or spiritual connectedness, is restricted. This is the way we are designed…scientifically. Meditation at its core, is meant to slow down brain waves, whether you know it or not. It’s just like you may know how to drive a car, but have no clue what’s going on mechanically. People will meditate for relaxation, healing, spiritual connection, communication, access to the infinite field of consciousness…whatever your reason, it is all only attainable directly as a result of slowing your brain waves to a certain frequency range.

The four major brainwave states/frequencies are: Beta, Alpha, Theta, and Delta in that order. More info is available on the specific states via the link in my bio. Meditation is mainly attempting to bring the brain to the Theta and Delta states. This is where everything happens: the connection, communication, healing, access to the quantum field of consciousness. So the point is to slow your brain waves.

You do need time, especially if you don’t use tools to help you. It’s just like trying to relax, except much deeper. You need time to relax…and you can also use music or other tools to help you. Meditation music was what I found to be the most helpful for me. Real meditation music…like with binaural beats. The music is specially made to influence your brain to slow down…to chill out.

Watch on things that raise the rate of your brain waves, like certain colors. Red, for example is a very high rate of vibration. Deep blue is among the slowest. I recommend keeping your eyes shut the whole time.

Most of the meditation music that I bought, was effective, but very long. I decided to make my own music which is made to bring the brain waves from Beta to low Alpha in less than 6 minutes, and then another music track that goes from low Alpha to low Theta in less than 6 minutes again.

The Beta to low Alpha meditation music track is available for free. The Theta music track is available to buy. There is a music link in my bio.

Dennis Andrew
NNOS Studios Brainwave and Meditation Music

Speech Therapy Activities For Children With Speech And Motor Apraxia

There is only one effective way to get children actively involved with speech and motor Apraxia, and this is by engaging them in fun speech therapy activities. However, before you even begin to help your child with language articulation activities, you have to be in the right frame of mind.

It would be counter-productive if you are stressed, impatient, and thinking of other things at the same time. Thus, for the language activities to work out well between you and your child learn to set aside a specific time that’s just for this purpose. Make it a date between you and your child and treat the time as special bonding hour that will create beautiful memories for you and your child.

Here are some fun language therapy activities that you can start under the supervision of a qualified therapist, and then branch out on your own at home. Remember what the purpose for the language activities are, focus on that, and not just having fun. Also do not be a stickler for how long your child should be doing the activity, otherwise it becomes a chore instead, and he will not be motivated to do it again.

Speech Therapy Activities Part 1

Using PECS or Picture Exchange Communications System uses pictures as an alternative way of communicating with your child. Naturally, you will need some practice with this because for a child, a picture of a sandwich could mean he’s hungry but not necessarily for a sandwich.

You can go around the house tagging items with a picture and the word spelled out. Eventually, from practice, your child will recognize the word and not just the picture. By then you can take away the pictures and just have word tags.

Speech Therapy Activities Part 2

Use of music to teach pacing and pauses between words. The music therapy is a great way to introduce sounds and how they can be used. It works in conjunction with language therapy activities in many instances because of its universal appeal. There are special CDs for young children with Apraxia that you can buy as part of your language therapy activities at home.

With singing, children with Apraxia can enjoy speech therapy activities by learning how to elongate their vowels.

Speech Therapy Activities Part 3

Why not play Go Fish or the Memory Game using cards as your game tools. Cards are very good as part of your speech therapy activities as well as in helping develop dexterity and hand-eye coordination. These are just 3 language therapy activities that you can do without special tools. It will not work though if you do it a couple of times a month.

There has to be some form of schedule, 5 to 10 minutes a day, to make it work.

Dogs Training Series Glucosamine in Your Dogs Diet

As you stand in the store pondering the plethora of varieties of dog food for your dog’s diet, your mind can truly become overwhelmed. The numerous ingredients in dog food simply complicate things even further.

Who really knows what all of those ingredients really mean? You see glucosamine on some of the dog food labels. That sounds a bit familiar. Haven’t you heard of glucosamine in the news? What exactly is glucosamine and why should it be in your dog’s diet?

Glucosamine has proven to be beneficial to joint health in humans. Research has also shown that glucosamine in a dog’s diet can be beneficial to your pet’s health too.

Glucosamine is a dietary supplement that maintains good joint cartilage. It is one of the key building blocks to produce joint lubricants. The joint lubricant helps to keep the joints moving and functioning with ease. When included in your dog’s diet, it will ensure your pet’s joints work at their peak performance levels for years to come.

How does glucosamine work to help your dog’s joints?

The added hydration and lubrication it provides to the joints will help to prevent arthritis in your dog. Owners of large breed dogs that are predisposed to having joint and hip problems should especially consider adding glucosamine to their dog’s diet.

Shellfish is a good source of glucosamine. It is also available through a unique process of fermenting corn. This method creates a vegetable based glucosamine. One of the qualities of glucosamine is that it does not interact with other medications your dog might be taking.

Today, many high-quality dog foods have added glucosamine to their dog food following reports by dog nutrition researchers of its benefits to dog joint health. Glucosamine will be listed on the dog food label if it exists in that particular product. If it is not mentioned, supplements can be given.

Glucosamine supplements come in numerous forms. You can even give your dog a treat specially designed to supplement your dog’s diet. The tasty treat eliminates the trouble of dosing your dog with pills.

Of course, it is always best to talk to your veterinarian about any changes to your dog’s diet. He or she can give you advice about what supplements should be added and in what quantity. Ask your vet about the advantages of glucosamine and whether they supplements are necessary.

Protect your dog’s joints by monitoring the amount of glucosamine in your dog’s diet.

Nordic Walking the best sport around

Nordic walking is walking, with especially design poles that permit you to use about 90% of all the muscles of your body in one fitness activity. This type of walking is proper for all types of terrain – trails, beaches, fields and sand dunes. This Walking is normal walking, but up to 40% more efficient by the using of hand-held poles. The effectiveness is by higher Calories consumption for the same efforts. It is a great way to get out and benefit from the countryside, or your own neighborhood. Walking with the poles is great for releasing tension in the neck and shoulders. It has been shown to be really beneficial for back problems. Walking with two poles is great for people who are looking for a elegant physical activity with highest health benefits joint with fun and convenience. Nordic walking is very in style in Europe, and there are now expert instructors, teaching people the right striding motion to acquire complete advantage from the activity. This fitness is exercise suitable for any person , and at all times of the year, including the winter. This Nordic walking increases energy consumption because the number of muscles being used is bigger, and trains the whole body and is easy on the joints because of the way the effort is distributed over the mobility system. This intensive walking makes less important the effort being done by the heart and raises the oxygen take-up of the whole system. The unique designed poles are the reason that while you walk you exercise your upper body and arms as well. Nordic walking is ideal complete body training for all age groups. The walking is the just right sport for people of all ages and heights and can be trained everyplace at any time. Among claims made for this kind of walking is that it can toughten bones, combat the effects of osteoporosis, reduce neck and shoulder tension and ease signs of repetitive strain injury. It is easy on the knees and takes tension off the lower body. Nordic Walking is an outside leisure sport with a dynamic and harmonious pace, giving an all-purpose work out to all the body muscles chains. Summing up, Nordic walking is an exercise form with many advantages, both for the healthy individual needing a more dynamic exercise form, especially for cardiovascular benefits, and for an individual with limitations. For the people who have no access with an instructor I have some advices .There are many DVD on sale with a full instructions: you have explanations how to grasp the poles , how to start the walking with correct rhythm , and even how to use the poles for other exercises .The poles and the DVD can be bought over the Internet . I purchased mine on Ebay .

The author is an ardent Nordic Walker and is the owner of a Nordic Walking Web Site . In his Website you have more information .